English Language Day 2021 is on Wednesday, October 13, 2021: English language?
Wednesday, October 13, 2021 is English Language Day 2021.
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The British language is easily the most broadly used or spoken language on the planet, and it is lengthy good reputation for absorbing words, concepts and cultural influences from around the world provides it with an enormous vocabulary, only one which is filled with odd rules, spelling and behavior. English Language Day remembers the word what, eccentricities and all sorts of!
No one made up the English language (if someone did s/he would have a lot to answer for!). Certain people have tried to make laws for spelling, but unfortunately they were different people making different rules at different times. It has been evolving for thousands of years and no one can really understand why some of the changes that have come about, came about. Language change is a lot like fashion: certain words and pronunciations come in fashion and start to be used by everyone; some f these things disappeared, some of them stayed, and most of them changed again. Likewise, many old words and pronunciation went out of fashion and have been forgotten by everyone except scholars. Some other changes can be explained and usually come about because most people speak quickly and do not always think about every sound in a word: for example, two sounds next to each other often become one; they run into each other when people speak quickly, and eventually disappear. A consonant between two vowels sometimes becomes voiced, that is why people speaking quickly say "bedder" instead of "better"; one day, "bedder" might be considered the correct pronunciation. Letters that are not pronounced with any emphasis often disappear altogether, such as the "t" in night, which disappears from many peoples' speech.
This is a simplification, but you get the idea. The English language is more complicated than many others because English tends to borrow words from other languages; it is a melting pot, if you will. All languages borrow words, but very few borrow as many as English does.
English also tends to preserve old spellings that tell you how the word used to be pronounced (for example "night" used to be pronounced with a sound like the one in the Scottish word "loch", it sounded exactly like the modern German word "nicht"). Furthermore, the spellings are often different depending on from which language the word originally came: the spelling of an Old English word would be based on the Old English spelling rules, a Latin word would have retained its traditional spelling based on Latin spelling rules, which are different from the English ones.
Knee used to be pronounced with a "k", the sound changed but the spelling stayed.
A lot of plurals used to be similar to mouse/mice, and a lot used to be similar to child/children. Over time, especially at a time when most people had no education and only listened to people speak who were from their village, people who did not know the plural for uncommon words used the "s" plural, since that was the most common one (and the French language had an influence here). Over time the "s" plural became more and more common because it was used for more and more words (an article published in Nature magazine last year discussed how less common words become regularised much more quickly than common ones). Anyway, there came a time when "s" was considered to be the correct plural, and all other plurals were regarded as unusual exceptions which just had to be learnt. One day, the plural of mouses may become mouses.
I am not sure exactly why love and stove are spelt the same way, nor why some words with the "u" sound as in "put" are spelt with a "u" and others are spelt with an "oo", but I imagine that the reasons will be covered by the things I said earlier in my answer. By the way, duck and book only rhyme when you have a northern accent. To other people, they have separate sounds which brings me on to "why we should not spell things the way we say them".
The reason for this is simple: listen to someone with a strong cockney accent, a strong Glasgow accent and a strong rural Yorkshire accent speak, and you will quickly see why it would not be easier if we spelt things the way we say them. If we did, reading something written by a person from a town 50 miles away would be like reading a foreign language. Just look at Glaswegian looks when it is written on the right of the page:
EDIT: sorry, left of the page:
How to learn English language in few days?
I run a free English website, which has lots of exercises, games, and quizzes for English students at all levels.
I would also recommend visiting the sites below, as they also have lots of free activities for English learners:
hope this helps.
What is the history of English language?
English is an Anglo-Frisian language brought to southeastern Great Britain in the 5th century AD by Germanic settlers from various parts of northwest Germany (Saxons, Angles) as well as Denmark (Jutes).
The original Old English language was subsequently influenced by two successive waves of invasion. The first was by speakers of languages in the Scandinavian branch of the Germanic family, who colonised parts of the British Isles in the eighth and ninth centuries. The second wave was of the Normans in the eleventh century, who spoke Norman (an oïl language closely related to French).
While modern scholarship considers most of the story to be legendary and politically motivated, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle reported that around the year 449, Vortigern, a legendary king of the Brythons, invited the Angles to help him against the Picts (of modern-day Scotland). In return, the Angles were granted lands in the southeast and far north of England. Further aid was sought, and in response came Saxons, Angles, and Jutes. The Chronicle talks of a subsequent influx of settlers who eventually established seven kingdoms.
These Germanic invaders dominated the original Celtic-speaking inhabitants, whose languages survive largely in Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Cornwall, and Ireland. The dialects spoken by the invaders dominated what is now modern England and formed what is today called the Old English language, which resembled some coastal dialects in what are now northwest Germany and the Netherlands (e.g. Frisia). Later, it was strongly influenced by the closely related North Germanic language Old Norse, spoken by the Vikings who settled mainly in the northeast and the east coast down to London (see Danelaw, Jórvík).
For about 300 years following the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, the Norman kings and the high nobility spoke only Anglo-Norman. A large number of Norman words found their way into Old English, leaving an unusual parallel vocabulary which persists into modern times. The Norman influence strongly affected the evolution of the language over the following centuries, resulting in what is now referred to as Middle English.
During the 15th century, Middle English was transformed by the Great Vowel Shift, the spread of a standardised London-based dialect in government and administration, and the standardising effect of printing. Modern English can be traced back to around the time of William Shakespeare.