National Book Month on October, 2024: What is called as India's National Calender?

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What is called as India’s National Calender?

The Indian national calendar (sometimes called Saka calendar) is the official civil calendar in use in India. It is used, alongside the Gregorian calendar, by the Gazette of India, news broadcasts by All India Radio, and calendars and communications issued by the Government of India. Beside such formal purposes, the calendar is not very widely used.

The term may also ambiguously refer to the Hindu calendar, and the Saka era is commonly used by different calendars as well

Month Length Start date (Gregorian)

1 Chaitra 30/31 March 22*

2 Vaisakha 31 April 21

3 Jyaistha 31 May 22

4 Asadha 31 June 22

5 Sravana 31 July 23

6 Bhadra 31 August 23

7 Asvina 30 September 23

8 Kartika 30 October 23

9 Margashirsh (Agrahayana) 30 November 22

10 Pausa 30 December 22

11 Magha 30 January 21

12 Phalguna 30 February 20

In leap years, Chaitra has 31 days and starts on March 21 instead. The months in the first half of the year all have 31 days, to take into account the slower movement of the sun across the ecliptic at this time.

The names of the months are derived from older, Hindu lunisolar calendars, so variations in spelling exist, and there is a possible source of confusion as to what calendar a date belongs to.

Years are counted in the Saka Era, which starts its year 0 in 78. To determine leap years, add 78 to the Saka year - if the result is a leap year in the Gregorian calendar, then the Saka year is a leap year as well.


The calendar was introduced by the Calendar Reform Committee in 1957, as part of the Indian Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac, which also contained other astronomical data, as well as timings and formulae for preparing Hindu religious calendars, in an attempt to harmonise this practice. Despite this effort, local variations based on older sources such as the Surya Siddhanta may still exist.

Usage officially started at Chaitra 1, 1879 Saka Era, or March 22, 1957. However, government officials seem to largely ignore the New Year's Day of this calendar in favour of the religious calendar

Rashtriya Panchang

The Reform Committee also formalised a religious calendar, referred to as the Rashtriya Panchang. This, like many regional calendars, defines a lunisolar calendar based on the authoritative version of the Surya Siddhanta from the 10th century.

The word panchang is derived from the Sanskrit panchangam (pancha, five; anga, limb), which refers to the five limbs of the calendar: the lunar day, the lunar month, the half-day, the angle of the sun and moon, and the solar day.

In the Rashtriya Panchang, months are determined based on the sun's position against the fixed stars at sunrise, computed by antipodal observations of the full moon. This sidereal computation avoids fixed leap year rules, but the number of days in any given month can vary by one or two days. Conversion of dates to the Gregorian calendar, or computing the day of the week, requires one to consult the ephemeris. The lay person therefore relies on the panchangs or almanacs produced by authoritative astronomical schools.

Over time, different Brahminical bodies producing the panchangs have varied in their geographical center and other aspects of the computation, resulting in a divergence of a few days in the different regional calendars. Even within the same region, there may be more than one competing authority, occasionally resulting in disagreement on festival dates by as much as a month. The Rashtriya Panchang seeks to resolve such differences

How does the National Guard college payments work?

How does the National Guard college payments work?

You will have to check with your unit administrator and your college finance office. I believe that the $330 a month is not just for books but rather for supplies and other associated costs. You are correct about the TA amount, but check with your state. Some states will pay tuition for guardsmen who attend state operated colleges. This may or may not be in addition to the tuition assistance. Not all states offer this. I believe that CA does not so check. I also believe that they cover 8 semesters which is a 4 year degree that is done on time. Make sure that you file your paperwork early for TA. Some states have a set amount that is allocated for TA. This means that it could run short. Someone in your command, either your platoon sgt, 1sgt or company commander should give you a counseling about your education benefits as well. They used to have you sign a counseling statement that outlined your benefits to include the amount and the guidelines for use. Also remember that TA depends on your drill status and your grades. If you get 7 u's (not showing up for 7 drill periods) you loose your education benefits and you typically cannot get them back so be very careful about your drill attendance. Also, if you are activated for more than 180 days, you can get partial 911 gi bill benefits which may be more than the TA. Basically, to get full gi bill benefits, you have to serve 36 months of active duty time and I believe that the active duty time has to be continuous and not for training. While you may not qualify for gi bill benefits now, you may later if you are activated.

National Guard?

National Guard?

Standard Programs:

100% Tuition Assistance – Pays up to 100 percent of college tuition—nearly $20,000 over four years

Montgomery G.I. Bill – Monthly stipend of up to $309 for college expenses—about $11,000 over a three-year period

The Army National Guard Kicker – Supplement to the Montgomery G.I. Bill, pays additional $350 per month in living expenses—up to $12,600 over 36 months

Student Loan Repayment Program (SLRP) – Pays off existing student loans up to $20,000, as well as student loans acquired after enlisting

Also on this date Tuesday, October 1, 2024...