Nelson Mandela International Day 2017 is on Tuesday, July 18, 2017: Nelson Mandela Essay Help?
Tuesday, July 18, 2017 is Nelson Mandela International Day 2017.
YOU SHOULD get a lot of information from the following - Mandela was a great fan of Fidel Castro and when he come to Miami, he was criticized for it.
Mandela Travels to Miami Amid Protests Over Castro
By HOWARD W. FRENCH, SPECIAL TO THE NEW YORK TIMES
Published: June 29, 1990
LEAD: Nelson Mandela brought his anti-apartheid message to South Florida today, where his refusal to disavow Fidel Castro has earned him the enmity of many in the politically powerful Cuban-American community.
Nelson Mandela brought his anti-apartheid message to South Florida today, where his refusal to disavow Fidel Castro has earned him the enmity of many in the politically powerful Cuban-American community.
Before Mr. Mandela arrived, five of the region's Cuban-American Mayors, including Xavier Suarez of Miami, signed a declaration criticizing Mr. Mandela for not denouncing human rights violations in Cuba. Today, newspapers in the region carried advertisements asking Mr. Mandela to reconsider his statements of solidarity with the Cuban leader and small airplanes plied the skies trailing banners with protest messages.
But no major confrontations were reported between about 3,000 supporters of Mr. Mandela and several dozen counter-demonstrators outside the Miami Beach Convention Center, where Mr. Mandela spoke.
Mr. Mandela's supporters seemed to reserve their ire for the five Mayors, who had refused to provide an official welcome for the deputy president of the African National Congress.
'Speaking Only for Cubans'
''Those politicians were speaking only for Cubans, we can clearly see that,'' said Ed Mach, a supporter of Mr. Mandela. ''The way they have treated us in the last week, black people who have never voted are going to go out and register and vote these people out of office.''
One South Florida city, Opa-locka, a mostly black suburb to the north of Miami, declared today Nelson Mandela Day. Mayor Robert B. Ingram said he had done so because ''many of the issues Mandela faces in South Africa we knew not too long ago here in South Florida.''
In his speech to 6,000 union members at the national convention of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, Mr. Mandela urged continuation of international pressure on the South African Government to end apartheid. Union officials later announced that they had raised $274,500 for the African National Congress in the last two weeks.
Praise for a Picket Line
In his speech Mr. Mandela made no mention of the dispute that has surrounded his visit.
''To be warmly received by the people is for us an honor,'' he said. In an allusion to the union's yearlong picket line at the South African Embassy in Washington that resulted in arrests and helped build pressure for American sanctions against South Africa, he said the 1.2-million-member union ''has comforted us at the moment of our greatest pain and anguish.''
Many of Mr. Mandela's Cuban-American critics also dwelt on the theme of pain and anguish.
A half-page newspaper advertisement by a group called Of Human Rights urged Mr. Mandela, who was imprisoned by 27 years, to ''help free the longest-held political prisoners in the world.''
A Cuban-American columnist writing in The Miami Herald called Cuban Miami ''a city consumed by grief,'' an emotion that was compounded by anger ''when you defended Castro, as well as Libyan dictator Muammar Qaddafi and P.L.O. chief Yasir Arafat.''
Some of the Cuban demonstrators struck a conciliatory tone.
''This is not a black-white thing,'' Jesus LaRosa said. ''We don't have anything against Mr. Mandela. We only object to his support for Castro. For 31 years Castro has been doing the same thing to Cubans as the South African Government has done to blacks.''
Expressing frustration with Miami's refusal to offer Mr. Mandela an official greeting, Miller Dawkins, Miami's only black city commissioner, said he had attended Mr. Mandela's speech ''on behalf of those in the city who wish to welcome him.''
''Mr. Mandela has been fighting his fight inside his country longer than a lot of these critics have been alive,'' Mr. Dawkins said. ''We in America seem to forget that when he was looking for help, this country was not there. You don't have to agree, but you have to respect him.''
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Why did Nelson Mandela go to prison?
Nelson Mandela was one of the founding leaders of a political group known as the African National Congress. He was devoted to peaceful demonstrations, but eventually turned to violence. The ANC and MK (Guerrilla forces) planned to sabotage key strategic locations and civilian buildings in their "fight for freedom". Basically Mandela can be defined as a modern-day terrorist. In fact, Margaret Thatcher the British Prime Minister, issued this statement during 1987. "The ANC is a typical terrorist organisation. Anyone who thinks they will rule South Africa is living in cloud-cuckoo land". So, Nelson was convicted of treason (trying to derail the government), and he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
When he was released in 1990, he rallied support for black African rights, privileges and better opportunities. He believed in racial equality and a unified nation with laws that benefited everyone. Discussions began with the white Prime Minister F.W De Klerk about how the Apartheid situation could be rectified. Rebellion and international pressure forced change - Mandela being the "historical figure" who encouraged this alteration of society. In the end, he became the first black South-African Prime Minister in 1992. He introduced new rules which allowed blacks to be respected. However, many of his policies failed to lift the economy and caused extensive damage to South-African lifestyle. He arguably did more bad than good, but many people don't know the history that encompasses the aftermath of the election.
Why is Nelson Mandela always portrayed as some sort of peace loving hero who wouldn't hurt a fly?
One man's terrorist is another's hero. Nelson Mandela became a symbol of resistance against apartied and the South African goverment.
Symbolism is a very controversial and emotive issue that can divide even the largest communities.
The South Africa issue was different from all others in that Nelson Mandela had the support of a larger group of people than the government of the day. Few governments supported the stance in later years - and they imposed trade barriers.
The government of the time held onto power through the ruthless imposition of apartheid. Dividing black from white and creating a weighted class-system that unjustifiably favoured the whites.
The problems apparent in SA now, stem from these times - despite the impossible promises of the ANC, there is no quick-fix.
In my opinion, the social structure will be in flux for perhaps another 2-3 generations, while the imposed class-system is broken up (still further) and genuine democracy for all is enacted.
Access to communication channels is speeding this transition.