National Assisted Living Week on September, 2018: How does the National Guard Work?
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The Army is divided into three components: the Active Army (AC), the Department of the Army Civilians (DAC) and Reserve Components (RC). The RC is made up of the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard.
The Army Guard is mostly a part-time, 39 days a year of duty organization. It has a very small percentage of full timers, made of up Active Guard and Reserve (AGR) uniformed members who aer essentially on active duty and of Technicians who are civilian employees of the Guard during the week and uniformed members of the unit they support on drill weekends and at summer camp.
1 - Regular members of the National Guard are not "stationed" anywhere. They enter the Guard to join a nearby unit - usually in their hometown. While assigned to a unit that operates out of a National Guard Armory, or other similar facility, they are not "stationed" there. They live at home. When doing weekend / summer drills, they either live in the field, in barracks at a nearby military facility, or at the Armory if it has that capability. When called up for State or Federal duty, they live however other active duty Soldiers live.
2 - The National Guard is organized like other Army units. They have Company COmmanders, Battalion COmmander, Brigade COmmander, etc. While there are full time AGR or Technicians who manage the weekly activities of the unit - all the stuff that still has to get done - the Guard Commanders are still in charge. A good Guard COmmander come in at least weekly for a few hours to do paperwork and check on progress of various things. Many times this extra time is in an unpaid status.
3 - Yes
4 - See number 3 above. The Commanders usually live nearby in their community. They are not "stationed' anywhere.
5 - Every thing that the Regulars have, the Guard usually has as well. Sometimes fielding plans mean the Guard and Reserve receive a new item later than the Regulars, but eventually it is all the same in the modern Guard.
6 - A major regional war - sort of like we have been fighting these past 12 years.
7 - Occasionally a Governor will activate a Guard element to assist local or State law enforcement - but not as a matter of routine.
Note: the Army Reserve has essentially the same answers as above, with the one major excpetion that they are not beholden to the States in any way and can not be called up by a Governor - only through the DoD and President.
National Guard? What do they do? What do they do overseas?
What is the Guard?
The National Guard is America’s oldest armed force—dating back to 1636—and the only branch that serves both the Federal and State governments. The Guard answers to both the president of the United States and the governors of their respective states and territories.
This means that the National Guard can be mobilized any time natural disasters or other emergencies occur within America’s borders, and also serve alongside U.S. combat forces in other parts of the world.
The Guard's roots go back to North America’s earliest colonial militias: farmers, shopkeepers and everyday citizens willing to put their lives on hold and pick up their weapons to defend their communities and their country.
Today, Citizen-Soldiers live, work and go to school in cities and towns all across America and its territories. And just as they have for over 370 years, the men and women of the National Guard are trained, willing and proud to assist their neighbors during emergencies, and to protect their nation whenever they are called.
Great benefits make the Guard a great deal.
You’ll get a lot out of serving in the National Guard. In addition to the pride of serving your country and community, you’ll learn career skills, earn cash bonuses—on top of your paycheck—and receive educational opportunities you can’t get anywhere else.
Check out these great Guard benefits.
There are a lot of ways to make extra money in the Guard. You can earn big bonuses when you begin your military service as a full-time Soldier under the Active First enlistment option, or when you go into one of the Guard’s specialized Cash Bonus jobs. And we've got big incentives for officers and healthcare professionals. Learn more about how you can make the most of your Guard service.
As a Soldier, you’ll earn a paycheck for every day you serve. Whether you’ve just shipped to Basic Training Basic Training:
Basic Combat Training (BCT) is a nine-week course of intense physical and mental training, during which recruits develop essential Soldier skills, discipline and values., you’re drilling one weekend a month, or you’re attending annual training during the summer—or any time you’re called up to serve—you’ll be getting paid. And every promotion puts more in your check.
Money for College
You can qualify for up to 100% tuition, plus over $300 every month—in your pocket—with the Montgomery G.I. Bill Montgomery G.I. Bill:
$333 mailed directly to you every month, to spend on books, housing or anything you want. and another $350 per month with the Army National Guard Kicker Army National Guard Kicker:
For qualified Soldiers, an additional $350 per month payment for living expenses.. There are also Student Loan Repayment Programs up to $65,000 for certain career fields. From GED GED:
General Educational Development - If you left high school without completing your studies, a GED certifies that you have mastered high school-level skills. The Guard's GED Plus program can help you pass your GED exam.
GED Plus assistance to graduate exam preparation, nobody beats the Guard for education benefits.
Let your Guard enlistment work for you. Go Active First for a big bonus. Or get started on your trucking career with Drive the Guard. Join the Guard while you’re still in high school with the Split-Training option, or finish your diploma with GED Plus. Or combine Guard service, ROTC ROTC:
Reserve Officers' Training Corps is a college elective that allows you to earn a commission straight out of college as a second lieutenant in the Army. The course consists of both academic classes and hands-on training.
ROTC, full tuition and cash for college with the Simultaneous Membership Program.
There’s more! Catch free flights in the continental U.S., enjoy discount shopping privileges at military bases world-wide, qualify for low-cost health coverage and life insurance, and get a home loan through the Veterans Administration. Earn extra cash now when your friends enlist, and set yourself up for later through the Federal retirement plan. Add benefits from your state, and you can see how Guard service really benefits Guard Soldiers.
Help me with these national guard questions?
The army's reserve component is composed of the Army Reserve and the National Guard.
The main difference is that the National Guard reports to the Governors of their respective state but can also be federalized by the President in times of war.
Members of the National Guard generally attend drill 1 weekend a month and 2 weeks during summer. Other than this they are just like the army reserve guys and lead their own civilian lives when not drilling or deployed. They usually live close to their units and there are units all over the country.
I would say their main job is to defend the country in case of attack or to assist in natural disasters.