International Women's E-Commerce Days on September, 2017: Commerce Days - how did railroad workers overcome their problems by this industrial expansion?

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how did railroad workers overcome their problems by this industrial expansion?

It seemed like a lot of it had to do with organizing Labor Unions. Read:

Labor Related Events of the Period

1878

Greenback Labor Party organized by a merger of the Workingmen's Party and Greenback Party.

1879

Knights of Labor elect Terrence Powderly as Grand Master Workmen.

1881

Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions, forerunner of the American Federation of Labor formed in Pittsburgh.

1882

First Labor Day celebration held in New York City.

1883

Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen organized.

1884

The Garfield Assembly, the first all female female local of the Knights of Labor, is created.

Federal Bureau of Labor established as part of Department of the Interior.

1885

Immigration of laborers on contract is outlawed by the Foran Act.

1885-6

Period of greatest influence by Knights of Labor.

1886

In Columbus, Ohio, the American Federation of Labor is formed with Samuel Gompers as the first president.

Violence erupts following a mysterious explosion at Haymarket Square in Chicago during a rally in support of the 8 hour day.

1887

Seven accused in the Haymarket explosion are sentenced to death. Five are later executed.

1888

First federal labor relations law passed but it only applies to rail companies .

1890

The AFL, at their annual convention, announce their support for women's suffrage.

United Mine Workers of America formed.

1892

Homestead Strike in Pennsylvania. The Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers lose the fight over Carnegie Steel's attempt to break the union.

1893

Business depression.

1894

Strike by the American Railway Union against the Pullman Palace Car Company near Chicago is defeated by the use of injunctions and federal troops.

1898

Erdman Act passed which provides for mediation and voluntary arbitration on the railroads. This law replaces the 1888 law.

1900

International Ladies Garment Workers Union founded.

1901

United States Steel defeats the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers after a strike which lasted three months.

United Textile Workers of America founded.

1902

Coal miners in Pennsylvania end a five month strike and agree to arbitration with a presidential committee.

1903

At the annual AFL convention, blue collar and middle class women unite to form the National Women's Trade Union League. T his organization is created to help organize women. Mary Morton Kehew is elected president while Jane Addams is elected vice-president.

The Department of Commerce and Labor is formed.

Mother Jones (Mary Harris Jones) leads the March of the Mill Chi ldren to President Roosevelt's home in New York. Many of the children are victims of industrial accidents.

1905

In Chicago, the Industrial Workers of the World founded.

US Supreme Court in Lochner v. New York, declares a New York maximum hours law unconstitutional under the due process clause of the 14th Amendment.

1906

Upton Sinclair publishes The Jungle which exposes the unsafe and unclean aspects of the Chicago meatpacking industry.

The International Typographical Union struck successfully for the 8 hour day which helped pave the way for shorter hours i n the printing trades.

1908

In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme Court rules that female maximum hour laws are constitutional due to a woman's "physical structure and ...maternal functions."

Section 10 of the Erdman Act which deals with "yellow dog" contracts and forbids a person being fired for belonging to a union was declared unconstitutional. (US v. Adair)

1909

Two month strike by the International Ladies Garment Workers' Union was settled by providing preferential union hiring, a board of grievances, and a board of arbitration.

1911

Supreme Court upheld an injunction ordering the AFL to eliminate the Bucks Stove and Range Co. from its unfair list and to cease to promote an unlawful boycott. (Gompers v. Bucks Stove and Range Co.)

146 workers, mostly women, die in the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire in New York City. This leads the to the establishment of the New York Factory Investigating Commission to monitor factory condition.

1912

Massachusetts adapts the first minimum wage law for women and minors.

Textile strike led by the Industrial Workers of the World in Massachusetts wins wage increase.

1913

US Department of Labor established. Secretary of Labor given power to "act as a mediator and to appoint commissioners of conciliation in labor disputes."

What should I do? . . . .?

What should I do? . . . .?

...and since you plan to take the kids and the dog with you, there is no fort left to hold down, is there? I say go for it. You can tell him about it when he gets back.

day trips near Chester, VA - Central Virginia:

Kings Dominion Amusement Park Busch Gardens Amusement Park Colonial Williamsburg Richmond International Raceway (NASCAR) Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site The Edgar Allan Poe Museum Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden Museum of the Confederacy Virginia Historical Society Metro Richmond Convention & Visitors Bureau Greater Richmond Chamber of Commerce RichmondKids - Great site for Richmond area Parents! Stony Point Fashion Mall! And a bit farther afield:

Northern Virginia:

The White House Map of DC Metrorail - Washington's Subway Virginia Railway Express - Commuter Rail Virginia Department of Transportation Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles The Shakespeare Theatre Arena Stage Wolf Trap Nissan Pavilion The Kennedy Center The National Theatre The MCI Center The Washington Monument The Smithsonian The National Air & Space Museum The US Holocaust Memorial Museum The National Gallery of Art The National Zoo Library of Congress The National Aquarium Mount Vernon Woodlawn Plantation Potomac Appalachian Trail Club NASA Sports:

The Richmond Braves (Baseball - Triple-A affiliate of the Atlanta Braves) The Washington Redskins (Football) The Washington Wizards (Basketball) The Washington Capitals (Hockey) The Baltimore Orioles (Baseball) DC United (Soccer) The Washington Mystics (Women's Basketball) Richmond International Raceway (NASCAR) Northern Virginia:

The White House Map of DC Metrorail - Washington's Subway Virginia Railway Express - Commuter Rail Virginia Department of Transportation Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles The Shakespeare Theatre Arena Stage Wolf Trap Nissan Pavilion The Kennedy Center The National Theatre The MCI Center The Washington Monument The Smithsonian The National Air & Space Museum The US Holocaust Memorial Museum The National Gallery of Art The National Zoo Library of Congress The National Aquarium Mount Vernon Woodlawn Plantation Potomac Appalachian Trail Club NASA Sports:

The Richmond Braves (Baseball - Triple-A affiliate of the Atlanta Braves) The Washington Redskins (Football) The Washington Wizards (Basketball) The Washington Capitals (Hockey) The Baltimore Orioles (Baseball) DC United (Soccer) The Washington Mystics (Women's Basketball) Richmond International Raceway (NASCAR)

Also check out (because of said dog):

Before you visit an establishment or place, please contact them and verify that they are still dog-friendly and available, as policies and management change frequently. All places listed on DogFriendly.com require your dog to be leashed and under your direct control unless specified otherwise by an establishments (including parks and beaches) management. Please be aware of local Breed-Specific Laws that may be in place where you are visiting.

........What should I do?

........What should I do?

...and since you plan to take the kids and the dog with you, there is no fort left to hold down, is there? I say go for it. You can tell him about it when he gets back.

day trips near Chester, VA - Central Virginia:

Kings Dominion Amusement Park Busch Gardens Amusement Park Colonial Williamsburg Richmond International Raceway (NASCAR) Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site The Edgar Allan Poe Museum Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden Museum of the Confederacy Virginia Historical Society Metro Richmond Convention & Visitors Bureau Greater Richmond Chamber of Commerce RichmondKids - Great site for Richmond area Parents! Stony Point Fashion Mall! And a bit farther afield:

Northern Virginia:

The White House Map of DC Metrorail - Washington's Subway Virginia Railway Express - Commuter Rail Virginia Department of Transportation Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles The Shakespeare Theatre Arena Stage Wolf Trap Nissan Pavilion The Kennedy Center The National Theatre The MCI Center The Washington Monument The Smithsonian The National Air & Space Museum The US Holocaust Memorial Museum The National Gallery of Art The National Zoo Library of Congress The National Aquarium Mount Vernon Woodlawn Plantation Potomac Appalachian Trail Club NASA Sports:

The Richmond Braves (Baseball - Triple-A affiliate of the Atlanta Braves) The Washington Redskins (Football) The Washington Wizards (Basketball) The Washington Capitals (Hockey) The Baltimore Orioles (Baseball) DC United (Soccer) The Washington Mystics (Women's Basketball) Richmond International Raceway (NASCAR) Northern Virginia:

The White House Map of DC Metrorail - Washington's Subway Virginia Railway Express - Commuter Rail Virginia Department of Transportation Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles The Shakespeare Theatre Arena Stage Wolf Trap Nissan Pavilion The Kennedy Center The National Theatre The MCI Center The Washington Monument The Smithsonian The National Air & Space Museum The US Holocaust Memorial Museum The National Gallery of Art The National Zoo Library of Congress The National Aquarium Mount Vernon Woodlawn Plantation Potomac Appalachian Trail Club NASA Sports:

The Richmond Braves (Baseball - Triple-A affiliate of the Atlanta Braves) The Washington Redskins (Football) The Washington Wizards (Basketball) The Washington Capitals (Hockey) The Baltimore Orioles (Baseball) DC United (Soccer) The Washington Mystics (Women's Basketball) Richmond International Raceway (NASCAR)

Also check out (because of said dog):

Before you visit an establishment or place, please contact them and verify that they are still dog-friendly and available, as policies and management change frequently. All places listed on DogFriendly.com require your dog to be leashed and under your direct control unless specified otherwise by an establishments (including parks and beaches) management. Please be aware of local Breed-Specific Laws that may be in place where you are visiting.

Also on this date Friday, September 1, 2017...